Values and ethics are the fourth of the four core aspects of self-concept and self-awareness and are the standard and rules at the core of the dynamics of behavior as well as the focus for this essay. Values are among the most stable and enduring characteristics of individuals, playing a central role in the overall psychological make-up of a person and influencing life directions, personal tastes, and preferences.
Similar to individuals, organizations have values, which are sometimes referred to as the corporate culture. Research shows that employees who hold values congruent with the organization in which they work are more productive and satisfied, while the absence of such congruence can lead to frustration, non-productivity, and absenteeism. People do not always know which values are most important to them. Typically, unless forced to encounter a threat or contradiction to one's values, people seldom assess or clarify them. Nonetheless, it is important to be aware of values because they affect decisions about joining an organization, committed to the organization, relationship with co-workers, and leaving or staying within the organization.
Values affect a President's perceptions of situations or problems. Ambitious leaders, for example, may see a problem as an obstacle to success whereas a supportive leader may see it as a way to help a subordinate grow and learn. This is particularly important in potentially toxic leadership situations. Values can affect the decisions reached or the solutions that may be generated ( e.g., politically correct decision can result from being courageous or not understanding your values ). Values can affect interpersonal relationships ( e.g., leaders who value self-control may have great difficulty with a demonstrative individual ). Values can affect the perception of individual success versus organizational gains. Values provide a basis for differentiating "right and wrong" and ethical versus unethical behavior. Values affect the extent to which leaders accept or reject organizational pressures and goals. People with strong value systems tend to behave more ethically.
However, certain kinds of situations increase the likelihood of unethical behavior regardless of the value system. Manifestations of unethical behavior include highly competitive and unsupervised environments, deliberate absence of a formal organizational ethics policy governing behavior, no threat of punishment, the rewarding of behavior, and decreased levels of moral reasoning in group decisions about ethical dilemmas.
In our mind's eye, we're living through the BIPOC ( Black, Indigenous, and people of color ) atrocities of white mobs amuck in Rosewood, Florida in 1923, and Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1921. Where the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, was violated on Wednesday, January 6, 2021. When Donald J. Trump was a principal to felony murder, as a support for the organizations that mauled Capitol police, and the expressed action was taken into account: " We're going to go down there... and 'walk through' the Capitol." Now, let such words had come from the lips of a negro. Then the mob of hateful whites would deem such a man to be a clear and present danger, hanging him from the tallest oak. Waves of MAGA's corporate culture no longer in control of their own faculties. Violent, enraged, and activity participants in a murder during the commission of a felony.
Social media intervened by suspending the Facebook and Twitter accounts for twelve hours. There was no one to stop the dog-whistling in the wake of Rosewood or Tulsa. When the United States entered World War I in 1917, D.W. Griffith's innovative but racist 1915 film 'The Birth of a Nation' was still very popular. Many white Americans praised the film's sweeping condemnation of Reconstruction and its depiction of blacks as uncivilized, oversexed, bestial, and unrepentant in their lust for white women. ( Encyclopedia of African American History, Vol. 4, 2009 ). Interestingly, William J. Simmons was partly inspired by the film to revive Ku Klux Klan, which peaks in the 1920s. (The World Almanac, 2017).
And the President, Thomas Woodrow Wilson. In 1916, he was reelected by a slim margin with the slogan "He kept us out of war," although his attempts to mediate the war failed. Wilson outlined his peace program on January 18, 1918, in Fourteen Points, a state paper that enunciated a doctrine of self-determination for the settlement of territorial disputes. He was a valuable leader when it came to foreign policy and was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize. The Senate and House of Representatives were controlled by Democrats during the 63rd and 64th Congress. About the best thing they could accomplish with sweeping legislation is the 18th Amendment, providing for the prohibition of manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages, ratified January 16, to take effect January 16, 1920.
One hundred years later, Reconstruction Reimagined should be a new period of peace, when the federal government ruled against white supremacy ideologies once and for all. No, not payments. This exists in whispers in hallways, in Washington D.C., where 114 legislators support the reparation bill ( HR 40 ) submitted by Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee ( D-TX ), and now Vice President Kamala Harris ( D-CA ). Reparations for some 40 million African-Americans have been projected as an amount well over $8 trillion, which can continue to grow until they have settled on a true cost. In a new book, From Here to Equality, Sandy Darity, a public-policy professor at Duke University and A. Kirsten Mullen propose that Congress enact a reparation program that would eliminate the racial wealth gap between Black people and white people.
Such a program would cost $10 trillion to $12 trillion, which Darity and Mullen believe could be allocated over the course of 10 years(TIME, Sept. 2020).
Moreover, issues as to the amount and form of reparation for each eligible heir needs to be determined -- cash, land, or free college/ technical career training. Benea Denson, who sang on the capitol steps when the Rosewood bill was passed... When I asked what reparations might take in the future, Denson's response was immediate: "Land. Building generational wealth. That's what we lost with Rosewood." ( TIME, Sept. 2020 ). Civil strife is something we have to deal with when building a future on an ideal we can believe in. (Nehemiah 4:13-23). The last projected amount for payment for African-Americans for $250,000 each will no doubt, remain a projection. Let's not kid ourselves, there are too many zeros behind 40 million times $250,000. Such payment would bankrupt America, or take years to pay.
Congress requires records of commerce and even fidelity bonds to transact the regular order of business for the several States. Never mind the Georgia secretary of state was openly coerced or threatened by Donald J. Trump for control over 11,500 ballots and Georgia official appointments. Kudos is due to Georgia residents for their stance against corrupt practices and falsifying records to be passed off as fidelity bonds on the electoral target date of January 6, 2021. Conflict of interest is of particular interest these days. Conflict occurs when it is not clear whether the goals or values of the individual, the organization of the society take precedence. This is a disconnect for many criminal justice reform advocate groups. A movement to prevent this has made progress. It's called Reparations for the Wrongfully Convicted Project's legal defense fund funding evidentiary proofs of widespread fraud or systemic racism in building a case. "What is painfully obvious when one steps back from individual cases and specific policies is that the system of mass incarceration operates with stunning efficiency to sweep people of color off the streets, lock them in cages, and then release them into an inferior second-class status." ( The New Jim Crow; Author: Michelle Alexander ).
Put the boot on the other foot, we can start to see why storm troopers 'walked through the Capitol' after violently thrashing throngs of Federal law enforcement officials. Donald J. Trump inciting their tactics of attempted robbery. What were they after on their perceived ability to handle a superpower like these United States? Commercial documents for certifying the slogan "Build Back Better." In the caches were fidelity bonds of fifty signatories between Alabama to Wyoming. But Arizona was one that caused both Houses to adjourn while Donald J. Trump believed strongly that MAGA's efforts to promote white power was to advance a worthy cause. But the world witnessed his followers acting within the parameters of the law of self-preservation.
Webster's Third Edition International Dictionary ( 1993 ) expatiate self-preservation 1: preservation of oneself from destruction or harm ( self-preservation demands a certain amount of public spirit -- S.M. Crothers ) 2: a natural or instinctive tendency to act so as to preserve one's own existence (a man has not only the impulse -- Frank Thilly ). The typically sacred Capitol Hill was desecrated by MAGA's self-preservative behavior but goes back to normal. Some have criticized Capitol police for shifting blame for the legislative thrashing onto the D.C. police. That's already noted for reprimands, while Congress finished the work with excitement over a pair of African-American and Jewish rookies on the way, and federal guardsmen outdoors with weapons. Work still had to get done. Because in the attempt to steal the mahogany caches from the floor, one of the robbers would get shot in the neck. She died in vain The law must satisfy to receive the full faith and credit benefits of African-American people. "If we had learned to show love, care, compassion, and concern across racial lines during the Civil Rights Movement -- rather than go colorblind -- mass incarceration would not exist today." ( The New Jim Crow; Author: Michelle Alexander ).
The shoe is on the other, now it all makes sense. Donald J. Trump is a principle to revolt, conspiracy to commit treason, and felony murder. The federal murder defines first-degree murder as including any killing committed in the perpetration of or attempts to perpetrate robbery. 18 U.S.C.S. IIII. The white people caught in the act of roaming through the halls of Capitol Hill, posting selfies with their feet on House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's ceremonial desk must get charged with participating and conspiring to participate in a racketeering enterprise through predicate acts of robbery and murder, in violation of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act ("Rico"), 18 U.S.C.S. 1962. And they were using and carrying firearms in connection with crimes of violence, the Proud Boys, in violation of 18 U.S.C.S. 924 (c). Across the board, they were all conspiring to commit and committing armed robberies in violation of the Hobbs Act, in violation of 18 U.S.C.S. 1951; and guilty with President Trump pursuant to 10 U.S.C.S. 894(2).
Rightfully convict these white mobs, and show the world. What's different? Today, the U.N. still hunt down the Nazis and take them to court. There can't exist a double standard for whites who burn down churches or entire towns and blacks that won't even dare to trespass the holy of holies. We know what happens to Black men and boys in D.C.'s Chocolate City for crimes imitated by Proud Boys. Those white superior states of mind do not come from any one of the founders of the four schools of law and theology. We won't be able to answer these questions of law until we are further along in our racial equality research. Reparation recommends the atonement of God in Christ. A wide selection of reparation is the big payback! The rioters broke into the place where the law is even created. They built a military fortification constructed of human bodies at the entrance of the place where the lawmakers control and safeguard the United States Constitution. This is a grievous mourning to the Americans. Police were killed. A woman shot dead. Three other American traitors died in the utter insouciance of this white mob! At the butt of every joke of our foreign adversaries, seeing how easily it was to have breached the heart of this Western show of democracy. One thing is clear: leaders must tell constituents what is expected. Thus, communication is critical. As obvious as that seems, the lack of communication by leaders most often negates a push for ethical behavior in the country. Determining effective ways of informing domestic terrorists what is not tolerated decreases their motivation. With ineffective communication, domestic terrorists may choose to ignore out of spite. Effective communication with mobs also signals a level of respect for the rule of law.
Congress must see that this respect is transmitted all the way down the Branch chains and to insure that the message from the top reaches the bottom intact and with the same respect with which it began. Then prosecute the violators to the full extent. Amendment XXV, Section 4, expressly provides: Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
There are a lot of people, Democrats, and Republicans, doing their part condemning white mobs. Putting Donald J. Trump down, suddenly it becomes real. But it doesn't stop the next mob from stealing or attempting to steal property as they had in Tulsa on May 30, 1921, when Sarah Page, a young white female elevator operator, accused Dick Rowland, a young Black man, of assaulting her. Or on January 1, 1923, a white woman named Fannie Taylor came running out of her house in a panic, claiming that she had just been assaulted by an unknown Black man who'd escaped through her back door. ( TIME; Sept. 2020 ).
Heavily armed white mobs roamed the city, including a large number -- some of whom were Ku Klux Klan members -- who had been deputized to keep order but who instead became participants in arson, looting, and killing. So over the years, collective amnesia triumphed in Tulsa, and the riot became a minor footnote in history books if it was mentioned at all. ( Encyclopedia of African American History, Vol. IV, 2009 ). The manhunt for Trump mobsters continue. To catch them all and throw the history books at them is reparation enough. They realized what they were being called to do by Donald J. Trump was unlawful and self-rule. Even a dog knows to don't piss on a carpet. Their sedition has discouraged the up and coming generations to follow. So what Congress also needs to do is closely tied to the electoral certification of Joe Biden's victory. When something like our criminal justice system is broken, we literally build back better.
And then there are the U.S. subsidies, which is a realistic reparation available by Reparations for the Wrongfully Convicted Project's comprehensive approach on this website. (See https://rep4wrongconvicted.wixsite.com/mysite). In the meantime, it is not too late to set yourself up for success later in life, no matter what your Future City looks like. Once you're building back better into the economy, portray the style and grace of the times.
The fundamental concept of set-aside minority assistance programs was called into question during the height of the Reagan--Bush era. In 1989, the landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling in City of Richmond v. Virginia requiring that 30 percent of each public construction contract to be set aside for minority business. The Supreme Court did make a distinction between local / state and federally enacted business development programs, holding that the U.S. Congress... "has far more authority than the States in formulating remedial legislation." The Croson's decision has had a devastating impact on minority businesses.
Citing Concrete Works of Colorado, Inc. v. City & County of Denver, 124 S. Ct. 556, 157 L.Ed. 2d 449, 540 US 1027 (2003): Denver did introduce studies identifying racial disparities in business formation rates and access to capital. But if disparities in those general areas sufficed to render size and experience impermissible explanations of racial disparities in construction contracting, they would similarly invalidate those explanations ( and permit racial preferences ) in every field of enterprise. Croson spoke specifically to this point, pointing out that reliance upon such general societal discrimination "has no logical stopping point"... 'Relief' for such ill-defined wrongs could extend until the percentage of public contracts awarded to MBE's...mirrored the percentage of minorities in the population as a whole." 488 US, at 498, 102 L.Ed. 2d 854, 109 S.Ct. 706 ( quoting Wygant v. Jackson Bd. of Ed., 476 US 267, 275, 90 L.Ed. 2d 260, 106 S. Ct 1842 (1986)). "Discrimination in access to capital can be remedied directly -- for example, by prohibiting discrimination in the provision of credit...by local suppliers and banks," 488 US, at 510, 102 L.Ed 2d 854, 109 S.Ct. 706-- but does not give rise to a compelling state interest to discriminate by race in construction contracting. No more than does the existence of other large social forces, such as disparities in education, that may similarly have some indirect effect on construction contracting." Here, with Federal subsidies is also Federal protection on their dollars like the FDIC. And if any hate crime is committed on Black land or property, then it's part of ongoing conspiracies to commit sedition by white mobs. 42 U.S.C.S. 3601 and 18 U.S.C.S. 245.
In sum, cognitive style is the first of the four elements of self-awareness. Cognitive style refers to the way information is gathered and evaluated. It is not about intelligence, but how 'the brain' is wired internally. Approximately 80% of people unconsciously develop preferred information--processing strategies form the foundation for personality, which, in turn, influences how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. Effective managers and leaders understand their personal information processing strategies and the effect these strategies have on their behavior. "It is time for a new generation of leadership." (John F. Kennedy).
The second element of self-awareness has to do with change and control of change. In this globally connected environment, there is increasing complexity, turbulence, and information, as well as an explosion of new technology. These transformations create additional changes for leaders. As a result, leaders need to understand the tolerance of ambiguity and locus of control. These two dimensions describe an individual's orientation or attitude toward change.
Tolerance of ambiguity measures the extent to which individuals are threatened by or have difficulty coping with situations in which the best course of action to take is not clear the situation is changing rapidly ( and possibly unpredictably ) or in which there is a high degree of complexity in the information. Tolerance for ambiguity measures a person's cognitive complexity. There are both positive and negatives to having a high tolerance for ambiguity. Among the positives are heightened attentiveness to information and the interpretation of cues, improved transmission of information, increased sensitivity to the internal characteristics of other people, decreased risk-taking, and amplified desire for less structured occupations. Among the negatives are the notions of being easily distracted by interruptions, having a lesser ability to concentrate, and having difficulty focusing on a single important element.
The locus of control is one of the most studied aspects of how people deal with change ( Whetten & Cameron, 2007 ). Locus of control is a window into the attitudes that individuals develop regarding control of their destiny.
Finally, the third element of self-awareness involves an individual's orientation toward other people or interpersonal orientation. It is different from all other elements of self-awareness because it relates to the leader's behavior and relationships with others and not just himself/herself. This is an important component of self-awareness because leadership and management are overwhelmingly interpersonal. In general, interpersonal considerations examines the needs for inclusion, control, and affection.
Of course, the mind is what thinks. But the brain is what the mind thinks with. Blacks have to be free to make and enforce contracts. to look at building contracts from BRIC and have unlocked what Dr. Martin L. King, Jr. explained as "vaults of opportunity" for our MBE's. And to seek wealth with the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in the spirit of President Nixon going forward. This is called Guanxi, to build a long - term interpersonal orientation. Because Johnnie Cochran, Jr. got it right by saying, "Give the Blacks wealth and the playing field will be even."
"There will be justice in Athens when those who are not injured are as outraged as those who are." "In fact, the Athenian notion of citizenship informed the thinking of our own Founding Fathers. One of its key components was the insistence that all the city's citizens owed each other a duty of conversation, by which they meant a willingness to come together regularly and discuss their mutual interests. There may never have been a time when we Americans so desperately needed to acknowledge precisely that duty to each other."
"I believe that we Americans should vow two things: We owe each other a duty of honest conversation about all those things that unite and divide us, and a promise that we will open ourselves to the possibility that in reasoning together, we may change each other for the better. We should not run and hide. We should acknowledge the divide. We should work together to make things better."
(Journey To Justice; Author: Johnnie Cochran, Jr.)
This essay was written by Luc Pierre-Charles, Jr. He is a close friend of Keri Miller and Benea Denson, who is FAMU alumni that were featured in the TIMES magazine "Seventy years after the Rosewood massacre, survivors and descendants were awarded $2.1 million. Is this a model for reparations in the U.S.?" by Victor Luckerson "Keri was always a role model student, whom Intelligence I looked up to. And a peer that demonstrated inspiring educational work ethic." (Luc Pierre-Charles, Jr.) To learn more about Luc Pierre-Charles, Jr., go to our website Reparation for the Wrongfully Convicted Project www.rep4wrongconvicted.wixsite.com/mysite or for more information on ways that you can help with our nonprofit organization just send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org